氮硅配施对双季水稻产量及氮硅养分吸收利用的影响

吴建富 已出版文章查询
吴建富
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1 谢凡 已出版文章查询
谢凡
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1 付桃秀 已出版文章查询
付桃秀
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1 潘晓华 已出版文章查询
潘晓华
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1 石庆华 已出版文章查询
石庆华
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1江西农业大学双季稻现代化生产协同创新中心/作物生理生态与遗传育种教育部重点实验室/江西省作物生理生态与遗传育种重点实验室, 江西 南昌 330045


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以株两优189和H优518为早、晚季试验材料,通过田间试验,在磷钾养分用量相等的条件下,研究不同用量氮肥(早稻0,105,165 kg/hm
2,晚稻0,120,180 kg/hm
2,以N计)和硅肥(早、晚稻0,120,180,240 kg/hm
2,以SiO
2计)配施对双季水稻产量及氮硅养分吸收利用的影响。结果表明,适量氮硅肥配施有利于提高单位面积有效穗数、每穗粒数、结实率和产量,且其互作效果与氮肥、硅肥用量有关。早稻施氮165 kg/hm
2、施硅180 kg/hm
2,晚稻施氮180 kg/hm
2、施硅240 kg/hm
2时互作效果最佳,产量为最高。适量增施硅肥有利于提高水稻氮素和硅素养分的积累量和吸收利用率。相关分析表明,早、晚稻氮素积累量与硅素积累量呈显著正相关,相关系数分别为0.998和0.897;水稻硅素积累量与产量呈显著正相关,相关系数分别为0.984和0.998。

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.13836/j.jjau.2017109

语种: 中文   

基金国家自然科学基金项目(31660596,31460540)和国家"十二五"科技支撑计划项目(2013BAD07B12)

关键词氮肥 硅肥 水稻 产量 养分吸收


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