土壤侵蚀影响作物产量及其因素分析

刘晓冰 已出版文章查询
刘晓冰
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1 周克琴 已出版文章查询
周克琴
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1 苗淑杰 已出版文章查询
苗淑杰
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1 隋跃宇 已出版文章查询
隋跃宇
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1 张兴义 已出版文章查询
张兴义
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1中国科学院东北地理与农业生态研究所黑土区农业生态重点实验室,黑龙江哈尔滨 150081


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全球范围内,土壤侵蚀导致巨大的经济损失.遏制土壤侵蚀对生态环境保护和农田生产力的维持至关重要.结合所在的科研团队近年来在黑土土壤侵蚀与作物生产力领域的研究积累,综合分析了国内外土壤侵蚀研究的相关动态,指出表层土壤变薄是导致作物产量降低的最主要也是最直接的表观因素,而实质是侵蚀引起土壤氮磷储量、有效性、关键微量养分、土壤水稳性团聚体减少,容重增加,土壤黏粒含量改变.不同区域土壤侵蚀影响作物产量的程度与侵蚀强度显著相关,这主要是水肥作用的结果.强调适当的农艺措施,尤其是有机肥的施用对增肥保水,恢复侵蚀土壤生产力的重要性.

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语种: 中文   

基金国家自然科学基金项目(41171229)

关键词土壤侵蚀 耕层变薄 生产力 有机肥 生物学效应


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